PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Cecidomyiidae Cerrado Fabaceae Interação inseto-planta. The Cerrado is the 2nd largest phytogeographical area of Brazil, occupying ). Taxonomic know-how of galling bugs in the Cerrado is scarce, since the most of galling species have not however been explained ( Araújo et al.
). The extensive majority of insect gall inventories in the Cerrado have been performed in southeastern Brazil, while other areas which host the most significant Cerrado space are continue to inadequately analyzed (assessment in Araújo et al. , ). As a result, the objective of the present review was to stock the galling bugs and their host crops in forest and savanna areas in the Flona-Silvânia, Goiás, Brazil. MATERIAL AND Methods. The examine was executed in the Flona-Silvânia (Fig.
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), being humid tropical with perfectly-described dry (April to September) and wet (Oct to March) seasons. FIGURE 1: Place and characterization of the study region. (A) Site of the Flona-Silvânia (marked by the star) in the town of Silvânia, State of Goiás, Midwest of Brazil. (B) Map of the Flona-Silvânia exhibiting the locations of savanna (distinct spots) and forest (dim places). The insect gall sampling was done bi-month-to-month concerning Decembe.
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). Samples of every insect galls were photographed, gathered and transported independently in labeled plastic baggage. Plant branches of every host plant were gathered, section of the materials becoming dried and mounted for botanical identification, the remainder being applied to obtain the immature and adult bugs, in the laboratory.
The identification of the host plant species was designed by comparison with the selection of UFG herbarium. plantidentify We checked plant species nomenclature and synonymy working with the databases of The Plant Checklist (2017) (http://theplantlist. org). The gathered insect galls ended up taken to the laboratory of Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG) and packed in plastic container with moistened paper. Insect galls have been classified into morphotypes employing the host plant species and external morphology (organ of event, shape, coloration, pubescence and dimensions). Nomenclature of the insect gall morphotypes was standardized according to the proposed by Isaías et al.
( ). Galls, insects and host plants were being deposited in the insect gall selection of the Laboratory of Entomology of UFG. A full of 186 insect gall morphotypes from five insect orders, and sixty one species of host crops from 35 plant families have been recorded in the Flona-Silvânia (Table 1, Figs. The normal selection of gall morphotypes for every plant species was 3.
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We observed gall-inducing insects belonging to Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Lepidoptera and Thysanoptera (Table two). The most typical insect taxon was Cecidomyiidae (Diptera), which induced sixty four (34. 4%) gall morphotypes. Insect galls induced by other insect orders summed nine. 7% of the insect gall morphotypes.
The taxa of gall-inducing insects could not be established for fifty five% of the gall morphotypes. Other bugs these as hymenopteran parasitoids (Chalcididae, Braconidae, Elasmidae, Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Tetracampidae, Torymidae and Trichogrammatidae), and dipteran (Sciaridae and Brachycera), hymenopteran (Tanaostigmatidae) and thysanopteran (Phlaeothripidae) inquilines transpired in 38 (20%) insect galls (see Desk 1). TABLE one: Characterization of the insect gall morphotypes recorded in host crops of gallery forest (F) and typical savanna (S) vegetation in the Flona-Silvânia, Goiás, Brazil. Host vegetation Insect gall morphology Insect taxa Plant spouse and children Plant species Morphotype Organ Form Color Surface Dimensions (cm) Occurrence Galling insects Other bugs Acanthaceae Acanthaceae sp. Gall one Leaf/midvein Fusiform Brown Glabrous . 7 F – – Gall two Leaf/midvein Fusiform Eco-friendly Pubescent – F Lepidoptera – Gall three Leaf/midvein Fusiform Green Roughened .